These beings may either aid, deter, or take their place among the gods. [9], Objects from the archaeological record may also be interpreted as depictions of subjects from Norse mythology, such as amulets of the god Thor's hammer Mjölnir found among pagan burials and small silver female figures interpreted as valkyries or dísir, beings associated with war, fate or ancestor cults. Bölþorn is used in Gylfaginning (The Beguiling of Gylfi), whereas Bölþor occurs in Hávamál (Sayings of the High One).

The majority of these Old Norse texts were created in Iceland, where the oral tradition stemming from the pre-Christian inhabitants of the island was collected and recorded in manuscripts. [30] Time itself is presented between cyclic and linear, and some scholars have argued that cyclic time was the original format for the mythology. [23] A group of beings variously described as jötnar, thursar, and trolls (in English these are all often glossed as "giants") frequently appear. Bölthorn was probably not one of the lesser evil giants, after all, his name literally means Evil-thorn. Bölþorn, anglicised as Bolthorn or Boelthor, is a Jötunn in Norse mythology. Their relationship is ill-fated, as Skaði cannot stand to be away from her beloved mountains, nor Njörðr from the seashore. The source texts mention numerous gods, such as the hammer-wielding, humanity-protecting thunder-god Thor, who relentlessly fights his foes; the one-eyed, raven-flanked god Odin, who craftily pursues knowledge throughout the worlds and bestowed among humanity the runic alphabet; the beautiful, seiðr-working, feathered cloak-clad goddess Freyja who rides to battle to choose among the slain; the vengeful, skiing goddess Skaði, who prefers the wolf howls of the winter mountains to the seashore; the powerful god Njörðr, who may calm both sea and fire and grant wealth and land; the god Freyr, whose weather and farming associations bring peace and pleasure to humanity; the goddess Iðunn, who keeps apples that grant eternal youthfulness; the mysterious god Heimdallr, who is born of nine mothers, can hear grass grow, has gold teeth, and possesses a resounding horn; the jötunn Loki, who brings tragedy to the gods by engineering the death of the goddess Frigg's beautiful son Baldr; and numerous other deities. Traces of the religion can also be found in music and has its own genre, viking metal. Deeply lovesick after catching sight of the beautiful jötunn Gerðr, Freyr seeks and wins her love, yet at the price of his future doom. After the cataclysm of Ragnarok, this process is mirrored in the survival of two humans from a wood; Líf and Lífþrasir. Numerous gods are mentioned in the source texts. [10] By way of historical linguistics and comparative mythology, comparisons to other attested branches of Germanic mythology (such as the Old High German Merseburg Incantations) may also lend insight. According to Hávamál, he is also the father of a nameless giant who taught Odin nine magic charms or "songs

[14] Other traces, such as place names bearing the names of gods may provide further information about deities, such as a potential association between deities based on the placement of locations bearing their names, their local popularity, and associations with geological features. In the mythology, Thor lays waste to numerous jötnar who are foes to the gods or humanity, and is wed to the beautiful, golden-haired goddess Sif. Some of the gods heard less of include the apple-bearing goddess Iðunn and her husband, the skaldic god Bragi; the gold-toothed god Heimdallr, born of nine mothers; the ancient god Týr, who lost his right hand while binding the great wolf Fenrir; and the goddess Gefjon, who formed modern-day Zealand, Denmark. [17], Odin must share half of his share of the dead with a powerful goddess, Freyja. [26] Elements of the cosmos are personified, such as the Sun (Sól, a goddess), the Moon (Máni, a god), and Earth (Jörð, a goddess), as well as units of time, such as day (Dagr, a god) and night (Nótt, a jötunn). The name is attested under two variants. The Poetic Edda consists almost entirely of poems, with some prose narrative added, and this poetry—Eddic poetry—utilizes fewer kennings. [19] Their father is the powerful god Njörðr. to?] Bölþorn (also Bölþor; Old Norse: "Evil-thorn") is a jötunn in Norse mythology, and the father (or grandfather) of Bestla, herself the mother of Odin, Vili and Vé. Bölthorn and his two children were raised on the cold plains of Niflheim. [22], Various beings outside of the gods are mentioned. Gylfaginning (The Beguiling of Gylfi) mentions in the Prose Edda that Bölþorn is a jötunn, and Bestla's father.[3]. [1], In Hávamál (Sayings of the High One), Bölþor receives his only mention of the Poetic Edda.[3]. [20] Together, Freyja, Freyr, and Njörðr form a portion of gods known as the Vanir. Lee M. Hollander (1962) The Poetic Edda. Media related to Norse mythology at Wikimedia Commons, Body of mythology of the North Germanic people, For the practices and social institutions of the Norse pagans, see, harvp error: no target: CITEREFFaulkes1995 (, sfnp error: no target: CITEREFFaulkes1995 (, Regarding the dísir, valkyries, and figurines (with images), see, List of valkyrie names in Norse mythology, Sacred trees and groves in Germanic paganism and mythology, Mythological Norse people, items and places,, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. "[3], Various scholars have also noted that the unnamed man (Bölþorn's son and Bestla's brother) in Hávamál may be the wise being Mímir. Elves are described as radiant and beautiful, whereas dwarfs often act as earthen smiths. [18] Freyja's brother, the god Freyr, is also frequently mentioned in surviving texts, and in his association with the weather, royalty, human sexuality, and agriculture brings peace and pleasure to humanity.

By way of comparative mythology and historical linguistics, scholars have identified elements of Germanic mythology reaching as far back as Proto-Indo-European mythology. [8], Numerous further texts, such as the sagas, provide further information. (For a list of these deities, see List of Germanic deities.) Bands such as Amon Amarth, Bathory, and Månegarm have written songs about Norse mythology. [11] Wider comparisons to the mythology of other Indo-European peoples by scholars has resulted in the potential reconstruction of far earlier myths. Njörðr is strongly associated with ships and seafaring, and so also wealth and prosperity. Various forms of a creation myth are recounted, where the world is created from the flesh of the primordial being Ymir, and the first two humans are Ask and Embla. After a series of dreams had by Baldr of his impending death, his death is engineered by Loki, and Baldr thereafter resides in Hel, a realm ruled over by an entity of the same name. [27], The afterlife is a complex matter in Norse mythology. There the surviving gods will meet, and the land will be fertile and green, and two humans will repopulate the world. The figure receives mention in the Poetic Edda, composed in the 13th century from earlier traditional sources, and the Prose Edda, compiled by Icelander Snorri Sturluson in the 13th century. "[2] For instance, a medieval Icelandic proverb goes by saying: "Men turn out most like their maternal uncles." It was a harsh place to live, there were no trees, no grass, no plants, not even a blue sky to look at, only snow, frost, and ice. One-eyed, wolf- and raven-flanked, with spear in hand, Odin pursues knowledge throughout the worlds. During the modern period, the Romanticist Viking revival re-awoke an interest in the subject matter, and references to Norse mythology may now be found throughout modern popular culture. Raudvere, Catharina. Of Bölthor, Bestla’s father, The figure receives mention in the Poetic Edda, composed in the 13th century from earlier traditional sources, and the Prose Edda, compiled by Icelander Snorri Sturluson in the 13th century. The historical religion of the Norse people is commonly referred to as Norse mythology. from the famous son The myths have further been revived in a religious context among adherents of Germanic Neopaganism. Bestla married bor and bore him three sons, odin, vili, and ve. [6], The Prose Edda features layers of euhemerization, a process in which deities and supernatural beings are presented as having been either actual, magic-wielding human beings who have been deified in time or beings demonized by way of Christian mythology. Bölthorn is one of the first jötnar in Norse mythology according to the Poetic Edda written by Snorri Sturluson in the 13 century. In certain literature the terms Scandinavian mythology,[1][2][3] North Germanic mythology[4] or Nordic mythology have been used. edition. They had three sons; the first was called Odin, the second Vili, the third Vé. [7] Texts such as Heimskringla, composed in the 13th century by Snorri and Gesta Danorum, composed in Latin by Saxo Grammaticus in Denmark in the 12th century, are the results of heavy amounts of euhemerization. The saga corpus consists of thousands of tales recorded in Old Norse ranging from Icelandic family histories (Sagas of Icelanders) to Migration period tales mentioning historic figures such as Attila the Hun (legendary sagas). The gods inhabit the heavenly realm of Asgard whereas humanity inhabits Midgard, a region in the center of the cosmos. Bölþorn is … Odin is portrayed as the ruler of Asgard, and leader of the Aesir. BOLTHUR BOLTHORN, BOLTURON Thorn of Evil The jotun father of bestla and a son whose name is unknown. Bölþorn (also Bölþor; Old Norse: "Evil-thorn") is a jötunn in Norse mythology, and the father (or grandfather) of Bestla, herself the mother of Odin, Vili and Vé.[1]. [31] Various forms of a cosmological creation story are provided in Icelandic sources, and references to a future destruction and rebirth of the world—Ragnarok—are frequently mentioned in some texts. [16], The god Odin is also frequently mentioned in surviving texts. While the Aesir and the Vanir retain distinct identification, they came together as the result of the Aesir–Vanir War.