The Province of Maryland developed along lines very similar to those of Virginia. Because Anglicanism had become the official religion in Virginia, a band of Puritans in 1642 left for Maryland; they founded Providence (now called Annapolis). These land-owning settlers also paid a modest rent (called a quit rent) to the proprietor, Lord Baltimore. [13] The Susquehannock (with the help of the colony of New Sweden) defeated Maryland in 1644. It was even used in place of money at times. Charles rejected all the Dutch claims on the Atlantic seaboard, but was anxious to bolster English claims by formally occupying the territory. It reveals the names of over 17,100 men and women. Library of Congress. It is the second smallest state in the country and one of the most densely populated. "History." William Stone and Verlinda Stone."

Political power remained concentrated in the hands of the largely Catholic elite.

[33], Due to immigration, by 1660 the population of the Province had gradually become predominantly Protestant.

As the population centre shifted to the north and west, the capital was moved to Protestant-dominated Anne Arundel Town (now Annapolis) in 1694. Encyclopedia Virginia. This page was last edited on 24 September 2020, at 16:47. "Chestertown Tea Party Festival." [70] Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids. The other religion in the colony was Catholic. When harassment on the high seas and other factors brought on the War of 1812, Baltimore clippers, sailing as privateers, dealt more than equal punishment to British ships. After the Glorious Revolution, the resentment Maryland's Protestants held toward the province's Catholic leaders in St. Mary's City boiled over in the Maryland Revolution of 1689. Maryland State Archives. "The English Civil Wars and Virginia." The Abbé Claude C. Robin, a chaplain in the army of General Rochambeau,[45] who travelled through Maryland during the Revolutionary War, described the lifestyle enjoyed by families of wealth and status in the colony: In the late colonial period, the southern and eastern portions of the Province continued in their tobacco economy, but as the American Revolution approached, northern and central Maryland increasingly became centers of wheat production.

Although Baltimore did not officially become a city until 1796, the Continental Congress met there for a brief time in 1776–1777 after escaping the British in Philadelphia. Maryland State Archives. Anne Arundel County, Maryland. Calvert's charter, a proprietary charter, was strongly feudal in tone. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? The following year, the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal, long under construction across the northern part of the Delmarva Peninsula, was completed. Kent Island Heritage Society. The Province of Maryland[1] was an English and later British colony in North America that existed from 1632[2] until 1776, when it joined the other twelve of the Thirteen Colonies in rebellion against Great Britain and became the U.S. state of Maryland. Maryland Population History. Coordinates: 38°11′21″N 76°25′56″W / 38.18917°N 76.43222°W / 38.18917; -76.43222. Maryland State Archives. In 1608 the English explorer Capt. "Thomas Stone." [34], In some ways the General Assembly was an improvement upon the institutions of the mother country.

About Maryland, Colonial Census, 1776.

Maryland also played an important role in the French and Indian War of 1754–1763. Maryland Public Television. Maryland Public Television.

Brompton Books. During the Revolutionary War, Baltimore served as a major supply center. Accessed 6/6/19. "The Baltimore Basilica."

Historic St. Mary's City.

In Maryland, two forts were built for protection: Fort Cumberland (now the City of Cumberland) and Fort Frederick (near Hancock).